The biologic risk of transmission through female-to-female sex is unknown, but case reports of female-to-female transmission of HIV and the well-documented risk of female-to-male transmission of HIV indicate that vaginal secretions and menstrual blood are potentially infectious and that mucous membrane e. Am J Pub Health ; AIDS ;
Vaginal sex intercourse involves inserting the penis into the vagina. Some sexual activities are riskier than others for getting or transmitting HIV. Activities like oral sex, touching, and kissing carry little to no risk for getting or transmitting HIV.
Jump to navigation. Explore this page to find out more about why women and girls are at risk of HIVHIV testing and counsellingtreatment for women and girls living with HIVreducing mother to child transmissionHIV prevention programmes and the way forward. Today, women constitute more than half of all people living with HIV 1 and AIDS-related illnesses remain the leading cause of death for women aged between 15 and
Early symptoms of HIV may be mild and easily dismissed. But even without noticeable symptoms, an HIV-positive person can still pass the virus on to others. Women may wonder how HIV symptoms for them differ from those seen in men.
New evidence of the AIDS virus in women could help explain how the disease can be spread among heterosexuals, scientists say. The evidence was obtained from studies of 21 women, all of whom had multiple sexual partners or sexual relations with either bisexual men or intravenous drug users. Two groups of scientists from San Francisco and Boston reported in the March 8 issue of The Lancet that they had found the AIDS virus in vaginal and cervical secretions in the 21 women.
But as recent asthere have been cases of sexual transmission between two women where no other possible route of infection. Does this mean that the woman-to-woman sexual transmission of HIV can no longer be considered rare? Or are there specific factors that increase that potential for infection that might inform prevention strategies moving forward?
All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. But a woman's risk may be determined by the often unknown behavior of their partner or partners.
You can only get HIV by coming into direct contact with certain body fluids from a person with HIV who has a detectable viral load. These fluids are:. For transmission to occur, the HIV in these fluids must get into the bloodstream of an HIV-negative person through a mucous membrane found in the rectum, vagina, mouth, or tip of the penis ; open cuts or sores; or by direct injection. HIV can only be spread through specific activities.
Salud sexual y reproductiva de mujeres viviendo con VIH en el sur de Brasil. The sample consisted of women. Differences were observed in number of pregnancies and number of children.